The Village Development Level in West Papua experienced a significant increase in 2018. This increase can be seen from the value of the Village Development Index (IPD) which rose 1.42 points to 38.15 (on a scale of 0-100).
The Village Development Index (VDI) was first drafted in 2014 to meet village development planning needs, as well as monitor and evaluate village development performance. In that year, VDI for villages in West Papua only reached 36.37.
According to the Head of the Central Bureau of Statistics, Endang Retno Sri Subiyandani, this index is constructed from five main dimensions, namely essential services which include education and health, infrastructure conditions, accessibility/transportation, public services, and government administration.
“This figure increased by 1.42 points from 36.73 in 2014 to 38, 15 in 2018. However, the achievement is still below the achievement of the national figure which reached 59.36 in 2018,” said Endang when releasing Village Potential Data 2018 on December 10, 2018.
Of the five main dimensions of IPD, the aspects that have the most significant increase in Papua are the dimensions of governance that rose by 7.47 points from 44.61 in 2014 to 55.08 in 2018.
“Next is the transportation which has increased by 5.37 points; from 55.08 to 60.45. The public service rose by 2.34 points; from 40.70 in 2014 to 43.04 in 2018. Meanwhile, the infrastructure edged up by 1.25 points from 22.19 to 23.44,” explained Endang.
With the existence of Law Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages, the government has provided opportunities for villages or officials and their communities to participate in being subjected to development in the town actively. So that in 2018, 91 disadvantaged villages have risen to become developing villages and two developing villages are now independent villages.
Japeky, Melky. December 11, 2018. Indeks Pembangunan Desa di Wilayah Papua Meningkat. Retrieved from Harian Papua News: harianpapuanews .com/metro-papua/indeks-pembangunan-desa-wilayah-papua-barat-meningkat/, 2019.